Bajra had highest returns among nutri-cereals in India during 2022-23 KMS

Ragi had highest cost of cultivation among millets during the season

As 2023 is being celebrated as the International Year of Millets, India is also focusing on the nutri-cereals including bajra (pearl millet), jowar (sorghum and ragi (finger millet) for which the government offers the minimum support price (MSP). For the 2022-23 kharif (summer-sown) marketing season (KMS), the Indian government had announced the MSP for jowar (hybrid) at Rs 2,970 per quintal and Rs 2,990 per quintal jowar (maldandi) — an increase of Rs 232 each for both from the 2021-22 KMS.

The MSP of bajra was also raised by Rs 100 to Rs 2,350 per quintal for KMS 2022-23. The support price of ragi was increased by Rs 201 to Rs 3,578 per quintal for the KMS 2022-23.


Crop MSP for 2022-23 (Rs/Q) MSP for 2021-22 (Rs/Q) Increase (Rs/Q) Increase in percentage
Jowar (Hybrid) 2,970 2,738 232 8.47%
Jowar (Maldandi) 2,990 2,758 232 8.41%
Bajra 2,350 2,250 100 4.44%
Ragi 3,578 3,377 201 5.95%

Among the kharif nutri-cereal crops, bajra (pearl millet) had the highest average gross returns over the cost of cultivation (CoC) in the 2022-23 kharif marketing season in India. As per the calculations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP), the average gross returns of bajra over CoC A2+FL (paid-out cost plus imputed value of family labour) during the triennium ending (TE) 2020-21 were Rs 10,195 per hectare or Rs 4,078 per acre.

Average gross returns over CoC for jowar (sorghum) and ragi (finger millet) were Rs 9,422 per hectare (Rs 3,769 per acre) and Rs 6,411 per hectare (Rs 2,564 per acre) respectively.

All-India average costs and gross returns over actual cost of cultivation plus imputed family labour of nutri-cereals during triennium ending 2020-21

Crop CoC A2+FL GVO Gross returns over CoC A2
Rs per hectare Rs per hectare (Column 3-Column 2) Percentage (Column 4/Column 2*100)
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
**Jowar 35,005 44,427 9,422 26.9
Bajra 30,516 40,711 10,195 33.4
**Ragi 51,315 57,726 6,411 12.5

Source: CACP calculation
GVO: Gross value of output
A2+FL: Paid-out cost plus imputed family labour
All India CoC, GVO and gross returns of a crop are weighted average of respective CoC, GVO and gross returns of projected states
**Average gross returns for jowar in Madhya Pradesh and Telangana and ragi in Maharashtra, Tamil and Uttarakhand for 2018-19 and 2019-20

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